Options Closed for High School Dropouts

Options Closed for High School Dropouts

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Jeremiah Byrd says that when he dropped out of high school at age 17, he had no idea how it would impact his life because the consequences weren’t immediate.

But after a few months of looking for work and constantly getting turned down, he quickly realized he had locked himself out of economic opportunities.

Byrd is just one of the many high school dropouts that have become a growing underclass with few options for upward mobility. And with no marketable job skills and limited education, law enforcement officials and community leaders say dropping out increases the already high probability of being incarcerated.

Now, at age 19, he’s recovering from drug and alcohol addiction. He’s also back on course, getting his GED in an effort to pull together a future for himself. He said problems at home distracted him in class so he just gave up.

He said even if a person wants to apply for a job at a McDonald’s restaurant the applicant has to either be in school or have a high school diploma.

“The ramifications of what I did weren’t immediate,” he said. “I would go out looking for work and couldn’t find anything. I remember one place where I filled out an application and there were several other people after the same job. They had high school diplomas or college degrees. I knew then that I had messed up. Even if you apply for a job at McDonald’s they want you to have a high school diploma or at least be in school. I applied at one Mickey D’s and told them I was still in school. They asked to see my transcripts, which I couldn’t provide.”

Byrd said soon, like many high school dropouts, he saw no other alternative but to turn to illegal activities to make money.

“I don’t want to say what I was doing but you can imagine,” he said. “At one point I did get arrested but it wasn’t because of what I was doing. I just happened to be hanging out with the wrong people at the wrong place at the wrong time. Fortunately the charges against me were dropped. There was a time when if you dropped out of school, you still had options. It’s not like that any more; it’s completely different now. A person who drops out of school locks themselves out of a lot of opportunities. When you drop out the only jobs you’re going to get are under the table. That’s no way to live.”

According to a new report released by the African-American and Latino Male Dropout Task Force, half of Black males currently in school will quit and research shows that high school dropouts are eight times more likely to be incarcerated and more than three times likely to be arrested.

Just to illustrate the seriousness of the dropout crisis Rasheed Scrugs, the man accused of murdering Police Officer John Pawlowski was a high school dropout, as are Solomon Montgomery, Daniel Giddings, Eric Floyd and Lavon Warner. All of them allegedly murdered Philadelphia police officers and, authorities said, all had dropped out of school.

Is there a definitive connection between dropping out of school and turning to crime? Experts answer that question — without a doubt.

“It’s real and we have to be proactive about this. It’s something the community cannot ignore,” said Milton Alexander, Vice President of Operations for Camelot. Camelot runs educational and therapeutic programs for a cross-section of exceptional children, including children with autism to young people with complex mental health and behavioral problems and even older teens at risk of dropping out of school.

“One of the things we see when young people who have dropped out start coming back is that they’re looking for structure,” he said. “If a child is constantly truant, has a poor attendance record and is significantly behind academically, those signs indicate they’re at risk of dropping out.”

Chad Dion Lassiter, MSW, President of Black Men at Penn School of Social Work, Inc. said there is little doubt in his mind that far too many kids who drop out will end up in the prison pipeline.

“It’s very significant,” he said. “One of the things that alarms me is when I go to the prisons and talk with inmates, I’ll ask them, how many finished high school. Very few hands go up. More often than not, unless you have some education or a marketable trade you will end up in prison, where you will have a full time job, just no benefits. We need a sustainable effort to turn this decline around, which means we have to engage the communities, the families and the faith-based sector. We have to let our young people know we want them to go to Penn State, not the state pen.”