RICHMOND, Calif. – Nai Saechao, a first time voter, says she hasn’t made up her mind about Richmond’s so-called soda tax, set to appear on the Nov. 6 ballot. While she admits obesity is a problem, like other residents here she’s not convinced taxing soda is the solution.
“There’s a lot of things that contribute to the obesity problem,” Saechao said. “If people learn to moderate their intake, it will help.”
A Penny Per Ounce
Measure N calls for a penny-per-ounce tax on all sugar-sweetened drinks sold in the city.
First proposed in May, the idea has split the community, with small business owners and community health advocates among those squaring off over the measure’s potential health and financial impacts.
Campaign-spending figures released Frdiay show that the Community Coalition Against Beverage Taxes, a group backed by the Washingto, D.C.-based American Beverage Association (ABA), has put a whopping $2.2 million so far behind the No on N efforts. The industry hopes to convince voters like Saechao to oppose the proposal.
“If people really want all that soda,” said the 18-year-old, “they’re going to buy it regardless. I don’t want the local businesses to be hurt from it.”
According to a report in the San Francisco Chronicle, “Big Soda” companies hope to sour residents on the idea of the tax. ABA has described it as “unfair to the community” and “misguided.”
If it passes, Measure N would be the first such tax in the United States and an unprecedented step toward greater government involvement in the ongoing effort to combat obesity. In September, New York City passed a controversial ban on sugary drinks over the16-ounce size, while the Southern California city of El Monte has a similar initiative on its ballot.
Over Half of Children Obese
Over half of Richmond children (51 percent) are overweight or obese. And the community finds itself front and center of the national debate about how far government should go in discouraging the consumption of soda and other sugar-sweetened drinks. Proponents of the tax have gone so far as to equate soda to cigarettes, in terms of the danger it poses to public health.
“No on Measure N” billboards and advertisements, meanwhile, have popped up all over town, most noticeably along the main commercial strip of 23rd Avenue.
Manuel Floriana, 19, isn’t registered to vote. But he’s all for the tax “because it will not only help kids in the community, but help adults [choose] healthy alternatives. [Plus] I heard [the revenue] is going toward parks.”
Estimates put the potential funds generated by Measure N at roughly $3 million annually. A separate ballot measure, Measure O, would lead to the creation of a nonbinding advisory committee tasked with steering the funds generated by Measure N toward health education and other efforts to prevent obesity and diabetes, including the construction of athletic fields across the city.
Karina Carmona of Taqueria La Estrella on 23rd Avenue doesn’t agree with the tax, but said if its something business has to comply with, then they will do it. "The reasons they give, for children and more parks, we think it’s more about creating the money. If it goes to what they say, then I will feel better about it,” Carmona said.
"Everything for the consumer is going up, but wages are not going up. [The cost of] produce is going up, and people are still losing their jobs and homes," she added.
City Council member Jeff Ritterman, who first introduced Measure N, said the hope is that just as cigarette sales have become less and less profitable in Richmond’s corner stores, healthier beverage options will replace sugar-sweetened beverages over time.
“We would like to transform our economy,” Ritterman said. “We want to maximize the healthy things our economy produces and have more profits go the to healthier option.”
Largest Source of Excess Calories
In a report prepared for the Richmond City Council by the Contra Costa County Public Health Department, data from 2010 show that more than half of children in Richmond are overweight or obese.
The report also defines a sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) as a nonalcoholic beverage, carbonated or noncarbonated, that contains added caloric sweeteners. Included in this definition are traditional sodas (such as Coca-Cola, Sprite), sports drinks (like Gatorade) and “energy drinks.”
The report also identified SSBs as the “largest single source of excess, non-nutritional calories in the American diet,” and concluded that there exists “a strong correlation between obesity and consumption of SSBs.”
Yet even the sobering realty behind these numbers may not be enough to convince some voters that a tax on sugar sweetened beverages is the way to go.
Local business owners say they worry that consumers will choose to go to surrounding cities to shop, causing much needed money to leave Richmond. If Measure N passes, a 16-ounce bottle of soda that now costs $0.99 would rise to $1.15.
Zee Handush owns a smoke shop inside Pacific East Mall, in the Richmond Annex neighborhood, and has been in the tobacco business for over 20 years. For him the soda tax isn’t just a business issue.
“I [began] selling cigarettes for 70 cents a pack, and now I’m selling them for $7 a pack. I’m still in business,” explained Handush. “I’m going to probably spend an extra $5,000 a year, so as a business owner I will be affected. [But] as responsible business owners we should encourage business to sell healthier options.”
Motivating Younger Voters
Tania Pulido, 23, won a Brower Youth Award winner (named for ecological pioneer David Brower) for her local food activism, is a junior at the University of California, Berkeley. She will also vote for the first time this November.
“I boycotted the last election (in 2010),” Pulido said, “[Because] I was upset that Obama was planning to bail out the banks.” But this year is different. “I realize that I have to find a middle ground, plus I really don’t want Romney to win,” she said. “Also, I’m voting because if I want to motivate my peers and friends to vote, then I have to do it too.”
As for Measure N, Pulido is planning to vote yes. She says that if by voting yes on Measure N she can support more soccer fields and education around obesity in the community, she's all for it.
"Parents aren’t taking the steps necessary to keep their children from being obese. The [soccer] fields and education can help break the cycle of obesity in our families,” she explained. "Clearly there is a lack of education around the issue. People know [soda] is unhealthy but they continue to drink it.”
Additional reporting by William Haynes
RICHMOND, Calif. – Nai Saechao, a first time voter, says she hasn’t made up…
Editor's note: Richmond is now ground zero for the debate over how to reduce soda…