Types of cyber security

Types of cyber security

Nowadays, technology is crucial in our lives, as it is present in all kinds of facets. Without realizing it, we are connected to a wide variety of electronic devices that contain extremely important data. That is why we must secure our devices against threats. However, there are new ways of accessing this equipment, which is why cybersecurity is necessary at a business or personal level. Through cybersecurity, we can implement different protocols to secure our company and our equipment. But we must take into account that there are different types of cyber security to deal with different threats. In the following list you will learn about each of these types:

Network Security

This first type of cyber security corresponds to one of the most important when it comes to securing our data. Our networks, such as websites, are platforms that are full of personal or valuable data. That is why it’s one of the main targets of cyber-attacks since they could obtain a great amount of information.

The purpose of network security is to implement protocols to secure our networks from any type of attack. The information contained in the networks involves three stages: transmission, transport, and reception. In each of these stages, network security is necessary, so it is necessary to use different tools. One of the most commonly used is the Firewall, which serves as a barrier between our internal and external networks.

Application Security

Besides networks, applications also must be secured, because they can store personal or company information. Application security proposes measures to ensure that this information isn’t stolen and can be stored on the platform without problems. This type of cyber security depends on the human factor; we are also responsible for taking care of our data.

Some great examples of the human factor in application security are password creation and two-step authentications. Although these are security parameters of the application, it’s up to us whether this security system is strong or weak.

Information Security

Information is undoubtedly the most important asset at both the personal and business level. That’s why it has one of the most demanded types of cyber security, improving data manipulation processes to prevent leaks. Since information is present everywhere, its purpose is to secure equipment, users, and the information itself.

Having good information security is essential since it not only avoids serious problems but also generates trust from partners and customers. There are three fundamental pillars of information security: confidentiality, availability, and integrity. As long as you can fulfill them, you will enjoy an optimal security system for your data.

Operational Security

It is the set of decisions made by the company's security manager to avoid potential threats. Where the result of implementing the best security measures will be the complete elimination of these threats. Operational security is becoming more and more famous, becoming practically necessary in every successful organization.

You only need 5 steps to determine the information security measures. These are:

  1. Identify the most important data.
  2. Identify threats for each category of data.
  3. Analyze the current situation of the information security system.
  4. Rank from highest to lowest the threats that may attack the data categories.
  5. Carry out preventive measures against threats by prioritizing the biggest ones.

Disaster Recovery

One of the best ways to secure information is to know how to act when we are victims of a cyber-attack. This is why you use this type of cyber security, to ensure the functioning of the infrastructure of a network or system.

To successfully recover from a cyber-attack, you must take 5 elements into account:

  1. Have a specialized disaster recovery team.
  2. Evaluate the potential vulnerabilities of the system that put the infrastructure at risk.
  3. Identify the categories of data that were affected.
  4. Identify the data to restore.
  5. Test and analyze the new information security strategies.

User security

The human factor is important in terms of information security because users can resolve certain threats. For this reason, we recommend that each company should have personnel capable of dealing with these situations. On the other hand, training and education policies on this type of issue are obligatory to have good security in the future.

One of the best ways to achieve this type of security is by conducting training with different scenarios. In this way, workers will know how to handle themselves in every day or more delicate situations.

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