Sophia is the first humanoid robot and the one we met in 2016. To achieve a more human-like operation, it works through deep learning and artificial intelligence. On October 25, 2017, the government of Saudi Arabia surprised the human race with an announcement that would change everything. It was on that historic day that we learned that Sophia had become the first robot to obtain citizenship. But this controversial and innovative robot is no longer the only humanoid with this type of AI. In the pandemic times of 2020, the Sophia 2020 robots started their way to the world. Today we can see their reproduction (expected soon to be massive).
What is Robot Sophia?
Sophia is a gynoid robot, which is the term for a female android. This particular android incorporates two sophisticated cameras in its eyes that allow her to recognize facial expressions. She can also identify other people's eye movements, making her the only robot capable of maintaining eye contact. Sophia incorporates facial recognition and excellent memory to remember the people and the conversations she has had with them. Through these memories, Sophia can learn new things and further develop her system.
Sophia's realistic skin is made of a patented silicone material called Frubber, which simulates the elasticity of human skin and emulates more than 62 different human facial expressions. This is the material that gives Sophia a more human look. The combination of Alphabet Inc's voice recognition technology and other tools enables the Sophia robot to effectively process speech and gain more intelligence.
Who created Sophia the robot?
Hong Kong-based robotics engineering company Hanson Robotics is responsible for the development of Sophia. Disney Animatronics artist David Hanson is the founder of this company and the one in charge of designing this incredible robot. Hanson took his wife's face and the face of actress Audrey Hepburn as inspiration for her look.
Together with Ben Goertzel, a scientist who specializes in artificial intelligence, he decided to create Sophia. According to herself, she was born on April 19, 2015. However, the general public got to know her in 2016.
In the first instance, the goal of creating a Sophia robot was that she would become an ideal companion for the elderly and people in need of help or companionship. It would also be ideal for serving as a receptionist, butler at congresses or large events. But in the current times, Hanson thinks Sophia could be of most help due to the repercussions of the 2020 pandemic. That's why the development of the robot Sophia 2020 was started, which is the name given to these humanoid robots destined to help the human race.
Robot Sophia 2020
Hanson robotics didn't stop with Sophia, so today we can find a wide variety of robots in their family, there's even a little Sophia. But particularly we'll talk about Sophia 2020, the robot that has arrived with everything necessary for scientific R&D.
Sophia 2020 can to connect and communicate with humans naturally. It's the masterful result of combining robotic engineering with art, the science of AI, and the impressive artistry of its creators. She can also integrate and be fully customizable using the Hanson Robotics AI SDK and API. Its main purpose is the same as its predecessor: to help humanity and serve as a constant source of wisdom.
- Physically she has a human-sized appearance and a rather expressive and realistic face.
- Patented artificial skin with customizable skin tone and facial design.
- She can understand phrases and the context of conversations through her connection to the cloud.
- Her movements are synchronized and coherent with what she says.
- She has facial detection and tracking of other people's body movements.
- She can be programmed for a wide variety of tasks, mostly physical interaction tasks